Migraine is a chronic and debilitating disorder characterized by severe headaches often accompanied with sensory warning signs like blind spots, flashes of light, tingling sensation in arms and legs, vomiting, nausea and increased sensitivity to light and sound. The pain can lasts for hours or even days. It is more common in women. Migraine attacks are often recurrent. A typical migraine headache can last from two to several hours or even days.
Triggering factors do not always cause migraines, and avoiding triggers does not always prevent migraines. Some of the triggers are-
- Allergies and allergic reactions,
- Intense lights, loud noises, and certain odors or perfumes,
- Physical or emotional stress,
- Irregular sleep,
- smoking or exposure to smoke,
- Skipping meals or fasting,
- Fluctuations in menstrual cycle, taking birth control pills, Fluctuations of hormones during onset of menopause,
- Tension headaches,
- Foods containing Tyramine, Mono-sodium glutamate or nitrates,
- Foods such as chocolate, nuts, avocado, banana, citrus fruits, onions, dairy products, and fermented or pickled foods.
Stages and Symptoms
Symptoms of migraine appear either before the headache, immediately before the headache, during the headache or after the headache.Migraines progresses through four stages though one may not experience all the stages–
- Prodromal stage– It is a warning stage. Symptoms occurring in this stage include,
- Food cravings,
- Neck stiffness.
- Aura– Auras are usually visual but sensory, motor or verbal disturbances may also be associated with aura. The symptoms in this stage gradually begins, build up over several minutes and lasts for 10 to 30 minutes.
- Visual phenomena, such as seeing various shapes, bright spots or flashes of light,
- Loss of vision,
- Feeling of pricking sensations in an arms or legs,
- Slurring of speech
- Aphasia or limb weakness are less common.
- Attack– During a migraine attack, patient experiences some of the following symptoms:
- Pain typically on one side of head,
- Pain that has a pulsating and throbbing quality,
- Increased sensitivity to light, sounds and sometimes smells,
- Nausea and vomiting,
- Blurred vision,
- Lightheadedness, sometimes followed by fainting.
4. Postdrome– This is the final stage of migraine. Patient sometimes feels exhausted and washed out. Occasionally feels excited.A few Indicated Homeopathic remedies areA Homoeopathic approach to the treatment of migraine patients is more symptom based.
- Arnica– Arnica benefits with symptom like headache which results from head trauma.
- Belladonna– It is a leading medicine in treating right-sided headaches and migraine including symptoms like throbbing pain, redskin, cold feet and hands.
- Spigelia – Spigelia is a leading remedy in curing left-sided headaches including symptom like heart palpitation.
- Iris versicolor– This is the major and important remedy for symptoms like vision loss, feeling of pricking sensations.
Other Remedies that are indicated are Natrum Mur, Pulsatilla, Lac Defloratum etc.