Insomnia or sleeplessness is a sleep disorder where there is an inability to get adequate or restful sleep. People having insomnia face various problems like difficulty in falling asleep, waking up frequently at night, waking up early in the morning and waking up with unrefreshed. It often happens that the sleep pattern gets reversed and the person finds it difficult to stay awake during the daytime and takes numerous naps. Sleeplessness has serious implications on the mood, alertness, memory, behavior and physical health of the person. This is also considered to be one of the major symptoms of depression. Sleeplessness can be of three types-
- Transient insomnia– It doesn’t last for more than one week and can be caused due to change in sleeping environment or timings, stress or depression.
- Acute insomnia– Due to acute sleeplessness, the person is not able to sleep well for approximately one month.
- Chronic insomnia– It lasts for more than a month.
This problem is more prevalent among women.
Sleeplessness is characterized by the symptoms like-
- Not falling asleep for a long time after going to bed.
- Waking up many times in the middle.
- Not feeling fresh on waking.
- Having difficulty concentrating or focusing.
- Poor memory
- Poor digestion process
- Feeling low for the entire day.
Common causes which can adversely affect the sleeping patterns are-
- Improper sleeping environment
- Mood disorders
- Grief, stress and depression
- Addiction to drugs
- Withdrawal from alcohol consumption
- Having strong colas or coffee just before going to sleep
- Euphoria i.e. emotional excitement
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy, menstruation or menopause in women
- Jet lag
TREATMENT Homeopathy helps in relieving sleep disorders and enables you to obtain optimum sleep. Homeopathic remedies which can be prescribed for insomnia are –
- BELLADONNA– This remedy helps when there is restlessness and frequent waking up due to nightmares. There might also be jerking when asleep and throbbing in the brain which keeps one awake and cause headaches.
- ARSENICUM ALBUM– If there is too much fatigue and desperation to have a nice sleep and an inability to do so, and then this remedy can help. It cures symptoms like being anxious, waking unrefreshed, waking frequently in middle of sleep, having nightmares and getting burning sensations under the skin.
- CALCAREA PHOSPHORICA– This remedy is useful if there is inability to sleep due to pain in the joints and muscles. It helps when there is difficulty in sleeping due to discomfort or pain and are not able to wake up easily from sleep.