Gall bladder stones or Gall stones are lumps of hardened bile deposited in the gall bladder. Gall bladder is a small sac present at the right upper abdomen, just under the liver. It stores bile, a liquid produced by the liver, required for digestion of fats. Bile is a thick liquid composed of proteins, water, bilirubin, bile salts, small quantity of copper, cholesterol among other substances.
If this chemical composition is disturbed by the excess of any substance, especially cholesterol, the liquid crystallizes to form small pebble like structures, known as gall stones. The gallstones vary in size, from being as small as a sand grain to as big as a golf ball. Usually they lie idle, but in a few instances they migrate to the connecting ducts and block the passage. This leads to a gall bladder attack and necessitates immediate medical attention.
A gall stone is characterized with severe pain in the upper right side of the abdomen, often coupled with vomiting and nausea. At times the pain could be felt under the right shoulder or between the shoulder blades as well. The pain increases progressively for about 30 minutes to a few hours. Other minor symptoms associated with gall bladder attack are abdominal bloating, belching, intolerance for fatty substances and indigestion.
Gall bladder stones are caused when the bile retains a high concentration of cholesterol and the chemical balance of the bile is disturbed. It is more common in people suffering from liver cirrhosis, biliary tract infections or a few blood related genetic disorders, like sickle cell anemia.
Other risk factors include:
- Sex: Women are more susceptible than men, especially women bearing many children.
- Diet: A high cholesterol and fat laden diet can lead to gall bladder stone formation.
- Weight: Obesity as well as rapid weight gain can also cause gall stones.
- High triglyceride levels
- Age: Aged people are more susceptible to stone formation.
- Crohn’s disease
Colocynth– This remedy is indicated with agonizing pain in abdomen, occurring with extreme restlessness. The pain worsens after eating or consuming alcohol and is often accompanied by colic, diarrhea and vomiting. In women such condition is coupled with suppressed menses. Pain is aggravated by lying down and relieved by hard pressure on the abdomen.
Dioscorea Villosa– This is the chief remedy for people with feeble digestive system. There could be instances of flatulence and violent colic after meals or intake of tea. The pain is intermittent and seems as if the intestines are being grasped and pulled. Pains are relieved by bending backwards or standing erect.
Mag Phos -IIndicated when the pains are sharp, intermittent, suddenly appearing and disappearing, cramping. Dread of moving and exhausting pains which are aggravated by motion, being exposed to cold draft of air, touch. Much relieved with hot fomentation, pressure and bendinge double.
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