Menstruation is the normal process of shedding of the inner layer of the uterus. It begins at an age of 12 or 13. Regular menstruation is a sign that speaks about normal process going on in the body. The normal cycle of menstruation is about 21-35 days, the average cycle being 28 days. Menstrual bleeding usually lasts for 4-8 days, the average period being six days. It prepares the female body for pregnancy each month.
Sometimes women do not get regular or normal menses, may not get periods, get periods too frequently, may have intolerable pain during the period. These are a few problems associated with the menstrual cycle.
Painful cramps during menstruation (in medical terms known as Dysmenorrhea): Pain typically occurring in the lower abdomen but may also spread to the lower back and thighs. Dysmenorrhea is referred to as primary or secondary. Primary dysmenorrhea is caused by menstruation whereas secondary dysmenorrhea is secondary to another medical condition, such as endometriosis or uterine fibroids.
Heavy bleeding: During a normal menstrual cycle, on average woman loses about 30 ml of blood. Several terms used to describe different patterns of heavy bleeding:
Menorrhagia– Excessive and long bleeding usually occurring for more than seven days.
Metrorrhagia- Abnormal bleeding or spotting that is not associated with menstruation.
Menometrorrhagia- Prolonged period of bleeding at irregular intervals.
Absence of Menstruation (medically termed as Amenorrhea): Amenorrhea can be either primary or secondary. Primary amenorrhea is considered when menstrual cycle has not begun at an age of 16 also whereas secondary amenorrhea is considered when periods that were previously regular cease for at least three months.
Scanty menstruation (medically termed as Oligomenorrhea): It refers to scanty and irregular menses with intervals of more than 35 days. Oligomenorrhea is not a disease but a symptom that indicates there is an underlying problem.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS): It is a name given to a set or group of symptoms that may occur from 7-14 days before the menses and sometimes continuing after menses. Symptoms vary from emotional problems to severe physical symptoms like pain in the breasts, diarrheas, constipation, absence or increased appetite, craving for a particular food, increased perspiration etc .
Hormone imbalance, anemias, clotting disorders, genetic factors, urinary tract infections and diseases of the pelvis like uterine fibroids can cause menstrual disorders.
- Age – If menses start at an age of 11 or before 11 there is a greater risk for irregularities like severe pain, longer lasting periods, and longer menstrual cycles.
- Weight – Being excessively overweight or being underweight for age can also increase the risk of dysmenorrhea and amenorrhea.
- Smoking and Alcohol Use – Women’s who smokes and consume alcohol are at high risk for menstrual pain and disorders.
- Stress – During physical and emotional stress, the release of luteinizing hormone is blocked, causing temporary amenorrhea. Emotional problems may predispose to dysmenorrhea.
- Menstrual Cycles and Flow – Longer and heavier menstrual cycles can cause dysmenorrhea.
- Pregnancy History – Women who had given birth to more than two children are at a higher risk of menorrhagia and those who has never given birth are at a higher risk of developing dysmenorrhea.
Menstrual disorders and Homeopathy
Homeopathic remedies enables the women to attain regular and balanced menstrual cycle and diminish the pains and discomfort during menstruation.
- Mag Phos– It is the most leading remedy given in dysmenorrhea. It instantly provides relief in painful cramps which are relieved by pressure on the abdomen.
- Pulsatilla– It is an outstanding remedy for amenorrhea. Whatever may be the cause of absence of menstruation this remedy works effectively in curing the problem. Highly volatile mental and emotional states where there is weeping and a need to be comforted are pointers to this homeopathic remedy.
- Cimcifuga– It is the most valuable remedy if heavy bleeding or menorrhagia is caused due to endocrine dysfunction where there are cramp like pains especially in the lower limbs which feel as if they have been stretched. There are erratic pains all over during the period.
- Ferr met– It is one of the basic remedy given when there are irregular and scanty menses. Also, if the patient is anemic this medicine is given. Every period is exhausting and there is coldness of the entire body and a desire for air.